Publications

MVLRI’s research provides a foundation to examine, engage and explore educational practices in the industry.

MVLRI is dedicated to taking education techniques to the next level. We believe that with proper research, the ways we learn can continue to evolve to strengthen our futures.

Flexible Start for K-12 Online Courses: Michigan Virtual Case Study

Introduction Exploring ways in which online learning can meet the unique needs of all students in Michigan schools, a team of Michigan Virtual staff investigated how online learning programs are structured to accommodate flexible start and end dates for students taking online courses. Interviews with several virtual programs in Michigan

Count Day: Making Every Virtual Learner Count

Background This report arose from discussions by Michigan Virtual Learning Research Institute (MVLRI) researchers with mentors of virtual learners across the state of Michigan who routinely expressed uncertainty and, quite frankly, a bit of anxiety, around how to report their virtual learners on Count Day. In a system that relies

LMS Selection and Implementation: Michigan Virtual Case Study

Introduction As more and more schools are adopting the use of digital content to support their online and blended programs, schools and districts are raising the selection and implementation of an appropriate learning management system/platform (LMS) as a top priority. During the 2019-20 school year, Michigan Virtual evaluated, selected, and

Student-Centered Learning: In Principle and in Practice

What is Student-Centered Learning?  Student-centered learning is a philosophy or an approach to education that is designed to meet the needs of each student individually. In their post “What Exactly IS Student-Centered Learning?”, Harrington and DeBruler (2019) shared, “In a truly student-centered learning environment, teachers and students work collaboratively to

Learning Continuity: Planning Considerations for School Leaders

Introduction During the 2019-20 school year, Michigan schools faced extended closures due to inclement weather. Today, we face the possibility of mandatory closures due to future pandemic outbreaks in our communities. Increasingly, school leaders are recognizing the need to prepare their districts for remote learning in the event of extended

Michigan’s K-12 Virtual Learning Effectiveness Report, 2018-19

Table of Contents  Introduction Schools Courses Students State Assessments Maps Conclusion Appendix A – Methodology Appendix – B School Tables  Table B1. 2018-19 Count and Pass Rate of K-12 Virtual Enrollments by Grade Level Table B2. 2018-19 Pass Rate Comparison for Virtual Learners for Their Virtual and Non-Virtual Courses Table

Auto-grading versus Instructor Grading in Online English Courses

Background Automatic grading is a pedagogical tool with the dual advantages of reducing teachers’ workloads and providing instant feedback to students, and has been used in many subjects, including computer science (Sherman, Bassil, Lipman, Tuck, & Martin, 2013), science (Wang, Chang, & Li, 2008), and English Language Arts (ELA; Wilson,

Public Awareness and Views of K-12 Online Learning in Michigan 2019

Past Reports  Public Awareness and Views of K-12 Online Learning in Michigan 2017 Public Awareness and Views of K-12 Online Learning in Michigan 2016 Public Awareness and Views of K-12 Online Learning in Michigan 2015 Public Awareness and Views of K-12 Online Learning in Michigan 2014 Introduction From February 12

Michigan’s K-12 Virtual Learning Effectiveness Report, 2017-18

Table of Contents  Introduction Schools Courses Students State Assessments Maps Conclusion Appendix A – Methodology Appendix – B School Tables Table B1. 2017-18 Count and Pass Rate of K-12 Virtual Enrollments by Grade Level Table B2. 2017-18 Pass Rate Comparison for Virtual Learners for Their Virtual and Non-Virtual Courses Table

Supporting Students with Disabilities in K-12 Online and Blended Learning

Introduction The field of online and blended learning has a rich history of pursuing personalized and competency-based education. As evidence, consider that at the time of writing this, iNACOL, a major advocacy organization in K-12 online and blended learning had over 50 resources tagged under personalized learning (iNACOL, 2018). This

Teacher Evaluation and Effectiveness Report

Background Public Act 173 (Michigan Educator Evaluations At-A-Glance, 2015) states that a Professional Education Certificate will not be issued unless an individual was rated effective or highly effective on his/her annual year-end performance evaluations for three consecutive years preceding the application for the Professional Education Certification or was rated effective

Engagement and Discourse of Educators through Online Professional Learning Communities

Introduction More and more professional learning is being delivered online, allowing for self-paced, on-demand access to a wealth of online courses and resources. This is not without pitfalls; technological issues can also create barriers, such as the increased emphasis on self-paced education, which places constraints on collaborative interactions among participants

Helping Online Students Be Successful: Student Perceptions of Online Teacher and On-site Mentor Facilitation Support

Introduction This report is being published with the report, Helping Online Students Be Successful: Student Perceptions of Online Teacher and On-site Mentor Instructional Support. Both reports start with nearly identical introductions, literature reviews, and method sections. However, the subsequent sections are unique for each report. In the Findings section, we

Blended Teaching Readiness: Phase 2 – Instrument Development

Executive Summary Blended teaching involves combining online and in-person instruction.  There has been significant growth in the demand for blended learning in schools which has increased the need for teachers who know how to teach in a blended learning environment. In Phase 1 of the study, a blended teaching readiness

The Role of Online Teaching in Michigan Teacher Preparation Programs

Executive Summary Online learning enrollments are growing in Michigan year over year, and part of meeting the student demand for high quality online courses is training and certifying Michigan teachers with the requisite skills and knowledge to design online learning experiences and facilitate learning online. Michigan has invested heavily in

Research and Design of a Mobile Application for K-12 Professional Learning

Introduction Michigan Virtual staff have developed a digital mobile application for use by K-12 teachers. The application serves three basic functions: Serves as a platform for teachers and education professionals to network and connect to other professionals within their school buildings and to the larger whole-group user base, Provides a

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